Sumatran tigers are the smallest surviving tiger subspecies. The last of Indonesia’s tigers, there are as few as 400 left in the wild making them critically endangered. The rapid agricultural growth on the island of Sumatra, particularly for oil palm plantations and timber has dramatically reduced the area of the tiger’s habitat. The encroachment by villages into these areas has increased the contact and conflict between the tiger and humans. Tigers are also illegally poached for their body parts for use in traditional medicine and their pelts as trophies.